As the name implies, mining tenement system are prone to or have a high probability of being exposed to underground mineral and oil deposits. This type of mining occurs in various locations, including on or within the boundaries of a home. There are many cases in which property owners are unaware of the hazards present from underground mining. While it may seem easy to overlook some of the present underground dangers, ignoring them could prove to be disastrous over time.
Mining property owners need to familiarize themselves with the mining tenement system and the various laws related to their property. It is important to remember that these laws vary depending upon the state in which the mining is taking place. Also, some additional regulations are related to any type of mining activity. In most instances, the regulations that govern mining consider the amount and kind of pollution that are likely to be created due to the mining activity. Additionally, they also consider the impact that the mining activity is likely to have on the environment. Property owners need to be aware of these factors when planning to conduct any type of mining on their property.
Surface mining is the most common type of mining activity that occurs. However, surface mining is not without its own set of environmental concerns. For instance, mining the top few feet (or so) off of the surface of a property can create a “depot” where the mining will take place. In some instances, the “depot” can become contaminated with waste products transported to the surface. It is also possible for surface mining to contaminate the water source of a property.
There are many precautions taken by mining property owners when it comes to surface mining. When surface mining occurs, miners will dig holes that are as large as an average manhole. They then place their trucks inside these holes and use heavy machinery to extract the precious metals and minerals from the area. The trucks are placed at such a height that the water does not flow out of the truck bay. The trucks then plug up the hole with dirt or cover up the hole with a crushed stone or other types of material to prevent groundwater contamination.
When the “minerals” have been harvested, the mining contractor transports the “scaffold” over to the actual mining operation site. The “scaffold” is erected above the ground, and metal fencing is built around the perimeter of the hole. Metal pipes are then inserted into the holes, and water is run through the pipeline. Once this is completed, the mining contractor will remove everything from the “depot.”